GROSS HUMAN RIGHTS VIOLATION IN NEPAL


It is a dismay that Nepal is currently going through a really tough time. Gross human rights violations, armed conflict, economic downfall, poverty, violence against women, conflict affected children, disregard to international human rights instruments are only some of the examples that occur in daily basis. The ongoing demonstrations against the royal government have raged fire across the nation this week starting from April 7th. At least 8 people have been killed by the security forces in the name of violation of the state imposed 13 hours curfew. Thousands including children and women have been injured severely. At least 800 have been forcefully imprisoned. The once peaceful streets of the capital Kathmandu valley are now filled everyday with tear gas and rounds of bullet can be heard everywhere. The agitation is still going on for restoration of the parliament, multiparty democracy and an 'inactive king'.1990 April 10th is marked as the restoration of democracy in Nepal. In 1950 the 104 years old Rana Regime (Autocratic feudal system of the commander in chief of the army) ended influenced by the 1947 Indian independence. Later in 1960, then King Mahendra (father of the present king Gyanendra) ruled out multiparty democracy and forced anarchy-a direct regime. After 30 years, in 1990 April 10th, after months of agitation the political parties prevailed and democracy was reinstated by the King Birendra (who was killed in the suspicious royal massacre inside the palace along with all of his family members except the present king's family).From 1990 to 2002, the multiparty democracy faced severe downfalls due to inexperienced democratic rule in the past. In 12 years, 14 governments were formed and 4 elections held. Corruption, political scams, political influence over independent organs of the state and public offices led to a devastated situation. The richer were becoming richer and the poorer the poorest. Social stigmatization and ill social practices and traditions were still persistent in the society, where no political parties ever made an agenda. Raising the issues by exploiting the sentiments of the people of Nepal on various natures of existing social injustices and inequality; centuries long suppression and a long history of slavery (now abolished) in Nepal; in 1996 a communist political bloc (Communist Party of Nepal-Maoist) took up arms against the state. The insurgency started then has already claimed more than 12000 lives in 10 years. One who is brutally killed in the frontier on either side is either a low ranking gunman who had taken that job because he was uneducated, poor, exploited, forced, suppressed or did not have better opportunities.  In 2002, the parliament was dissolved upon the pressure of the Royal Palace. Since then Nepal lacks an elected legislature and an executive based on the popular will.  On February 1, 2005, the King declared his intentions of his direct regime like his father did 45 years ago. As a supplement to the dissolution of the Parliament in 2002, the February 1st 2005 Royal Proclamation ruled out the possibility of an executive based on the elected legislature. Clear intention of the king was seen when he established a Royal Commission on Control of Corruption RCCC, which was primarily established targeting the political parties and their leaders. Several influential leaders were imprisoned and house-captivated. However, in February 2006, the Supreme Court declared the RCCC as unconstitutional and repealed the king’s action. The historical decision of the Supreme Court dissolving RCCC (a royal commission against corruption formed after the direct royal rule) , one of the components of the present royal regime has indeed lifted the veil of the power ruling authority. Increasingly, the political activists have been house-arrested, imprisoned, abducted and even exiled. Local elections have been forced without the representation of the majority of the popular will with a lowest participation of below 20% of total voters. The local elections were held in only 1/4th part of the nation.  No one can predict for sure what the fate of Nepal will be in the coming days. The king still has the absolute power to exercise military power just like President Mussaraf did in Pakistan. The political parties are not ready to settle for anything less than the reinstatement of democracy. Threats are given openly by the political parties in their street protest slogans that the king will have the same fate which Charles I, Louis XVI and Charles VIII have had in the past. The royal government on the other hand is suppressing the demonstration believing that the ongoing demonstrations are being backed by the Maoists who are listed as terrorist globally including the United States and whose leaders have been listed in the red-corner-notice.  Children and women are ruthlessly battered. Students are shot in the midday and killed brutally. Lawyers protesting peacefully against the atrocities are being detained, battered and imprisoned. International media persons are being brutally charged with excessive force and injured.  Human Rights defenders are being detained in huge numbers. The freedom of press is being infringed day-by-day. And, international communities watch aloof!

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