Human Rights Monitoring


Nepal is among the poorest and least developed countries in the world with almost one-third of its population living below the poverty line. There have been several political ups and downs in the political history of Nepal. The present political situation in Nepal is the most dangerous and heinous in terms of the terrorism imposed by the Communist Party of Nepal (Maoist).

  • In 1951, the Nepalese monarch ended the century-old system of rule by hereditary premiers and instituted a cabinet system of government.
  • From 1960 to 1990, an anarchical rule of the king ruled out every possibility of democratic exercise in Nepal after Nepali Congress won a majority in the elections in 1960.
  • Peoples Movement in 1990 established a multiparty democracy within the framework of a constitutional monarchy.
  • In 1996 Communist Party of Nepal-Maoist (CPNM) launched an armed conflict in Nepal which has claimed more than 15000 lives.
  • From February 2001 to November 2001, there was peace in the country due to the peace talks between CPNM and the political parties. In 2001 February, Maoists called for a dialogue for the first time and in July 2001, the PM Sher Bahadur Deuba, of Nepali Congress Party (Democratic) declared cease-fire from the government side and proposed for the peace talk.
  • The Maoist declared cease-fire on the 25th of July 2001. The cease-fire led to three rounds of talks that took place on August, September and November. The talk could not succeed and the four month long cease-fire collapsed on November 21st 2001. The Government declared state of emergency in the country on Nov. 26th 2001.
  • On October 2002, the King dissolved the parliament with recommendation made by the then Prime Minister Sher Bahadur Deuba, of Nepali Congress Party (Democratic).
  • After the dissolution of the parliament in October 2002 by the King, the CPNM insurgency became fiercer as they opposed to the direct rule of the King. The terrorism of CPNM reached its highest level in this period.
  • Between April 2003 and August 2003, the second round of talks started between King-appointed government and CPNM, which failed again.
  • The king took absolute power through a coup d’état on February 1st 2005. The situation in Nepal started to get worse after the 2005 Royal coup d’état. The counter attacks from CPNM were being fiercer than ever.
  • Over the months, there were series of attacks and counter attacks making lie of civilians more miserable and insecure. On February 1, 2005 the royal takeover was further advanced as the King appointed a government led by him and at the same time enforced martial law.
  • The King conducted a series of waves of arrests of opposition leaders. The agitations reached a peak around the February 8, 2006 municipal elections, which were boycotted by the political parties and the Maoists. Several people were killed during the agitation against the king’s anarchy.
  • On April 21, half a million people took part in the protests in Kathmandu, the capital. The situation became intense when irresponsible firing started everywhere in Katmandu killing more than 2 dozens within a week.
  • On April 21, 2006 when the protesters were planning to take over the royal palace and exile the king, King Gyanendra announced that he would return political power to the people and called for elections to be held as soon as possible. On April 24, 2006, the king reinstated the parliament.
  • On April 27th 2006, the CPNM announced a cease-fire for the third time. The cease-fire was extended twice.
  • On November 7, 2006, the political parties and the CPNM reached an agreement to end the decade-old conflict and restore lasting peace through a six-point Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA)
  • Later in January 2007, the CPNM was given 73 seats in the Parliament.
  • On April 1st, 2007, CPNM were sworn in as ministers in different portfolios in the cabinet of ministers led by PM Girija Prasad Koirala.
  • From November 2006 till today CPNM continues its atrocities, kidnapping, killings, extortions and poses a grave threat to people from every field. CPNM has been continuing its excesses through its sister organizations Young Communist League (YCL), Janatantrik Tarai Mukti Morcha (JTTM), Madheshi Jana Adhikar Forum (MJF), Madhesi Tigers (MT), Janatantrik Kirat Mukti Morcha (JKMM) etc.
  • US Ambassador to Nepal James F. Moriarty in his recent statements has mentioned that CPNM is still a terrorist despite being in the government due to their continued terrorism. Likewise, Department of State still has CPNM in the terrorist organization list.
  • In September 2007, Maoists walked out of the government.
  • Immediately, the Maoists have announced that they will ensure that the constituent assembly elections scheduled to be in November 2007 will be disrupted throughout the nation. They have openly stated that they are taking action against all who have opposed them in one way or other. They have made it clear that they will not refrain from taking up arms again.
  • In September 2007, YCL and Maoists have released a list of more than 200 people as their first phase of action against those who oppose them and those who were associated with the royal regime in any way.
  • In December 2007, following a 23 point agreement between 7 parties and the Maoists, an agreement was reached to have an election of Constituent Assembly. Maoists joined the government again.
  • In February 2008, an agreement was reached between armed Terai groups and government.
  • April 10, 2008 Constituent Assembly Election scheduled. The Maoists have NOT given up their terrorism till date. they are involved in kidnapping election candidates, forcefully threatening to withdraw the candidates names, abducting-killing-extorting continues. 400,000 YCL armed cadres are believed to capture all election booths across the nation. YCL chief recently threatened to take over the nation within 5 minutes of Maoists direction.
  • Elections amidst terrorism and intimidation. yet 60% voters turned up. Maoists ACQUIRE 50% seats in the April Elections.
  • May, 2008: YCL and CPNM continue murder, terrorism and atrocities.